Of the 41 separate countries classified in these two years, seven were found to show no evidence of filtering (Egypt, France, Germany, India, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States), while one was found to engage in pervasive filtering in all areas (China), 13 were found to engage in pervasive filtering in one or more areas, and 34 were found to engage in some level of filtering in one or more areas.
Of the 10 countries classified in both 20, one reduced its level of filtering (Pakistan), five increased their level of filtering (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, South Korea, and Uzbekistan), and four maintained the same level of filtering (China, Iran, Myanmar, and Tajikistan).
Control over the Internet is centralized with the government-owned Beltelecom managing the country’s Internet gateway.
Regulation is heavy with strong state involvement in the telecommunications and media market.
At the time the Internet in most of these countries was a relatively open and unconstrained space for free expression, but the countries also typically featured a repressive environment for traditional media and had recently considered or introduced legislation that would negatively affect Internet freedom.
Due to legal concerns the Open Net Initiative does not check for filtering of child pornography and because their classifications focus on technical filtering, they do not include other types of censorship.
The first report was issued in 1977 covering the year 1976.
The level of Internet censorship and surveillance in a country is classified in one of the four categories: pervasive, substantial, selective, and little or no censorship or surveillance.
Between 20 the number of countries listed grew to 16 and then fell to 11. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices is an annual series of reports on human rights conditions in countries throughout the world.
Among other topics the reports include information on freedom of speech and the press including Internet freedom; freedom of assembly and association; and arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence.
The organization classifies a country as an enemy of the internet because "all of these countries mark themselves out not just for their capacity to censor news and information online but also for their almost systematic repression of Internet users." When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in 2006, it listed 13 countries.