Primary care practitioners should be able to identify the clinical signs and symptoms that may be indicative of these diseases and have knowledge of diagnostic testing, staging, and prognostic variables.A discussion of all of these aspects is included here, as well as a broad overview of treatment options. (2009) Provision of Spiritual Care to Patients With Advanced Cancer: Associations With Medical Care and Quality of Life Near Death. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2): 336-354 Pargament, K. (2004) Religious Coping Methods as Predictors of Psychological, Physical and Spiritual Outcomes among Medically Ill Elderly Patients: A Two-year Longitudinal Study.
The term "childhood cancer" is used to describe cancers that affect individuals from birth to 19 years of age.
Although this age range is wide, cancers that occur throughout these ages have many similarities; however, the physical and psychosocial needs of infants differ greatly from those of young children as well as those of adolescents (defined as 15 to 19 years of age).
(2012) Reliability and validity of spirituality questionnaire by Parsian and Dunning in the Spanish version.
Cancer is the leading cause of death among children 14 years of age and younger, and leukemia and lymphoma are among the most prevalent cancers in children/adolescents [1,2].
Conclusions: The Persian version of the spirituality scale in the elderly people with an acceptable reliability and validity can be used in clinical assessment and research.
Journal of Clinical Oncology, 28(3): 445-452 Castellaw, L.
(2000) Opportunities for Enhanced Spirituality Relevant to Well Adults. Journal of Gerontology Social Sciences, 6-S316 Mc Coll, M.
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 20(3): 559-566 Idler, E. Religion among disabled and nondisabled persons II: attendance at religious services as a predictor of the course of disability.
In an ex post facto method, Spirituality Questionnaire (SQ) which includes 4 subscales and Allport's religious orientation scale were applied.
Analysis of data includes multiple regression, and one-way analysis of variance techniques.
Primary pediatric care should continue during treatment for cancer, and clinicians in this setting should understand the effects of leukemia and lymphoma and their treatments on the child's/adolescent's growth and development and on routine preventive measures.