Regular varves like those shown above on the right were described by Richard Foster Flint, an expert on Quaternary geology. 400), “A rhythmite deposited in a lake near Interlaken in Switzerland consists of thin couplets each containing a light-colored layer rich in calcium carbonate and a dark layer rich in organic matter.Proof that the couplets are annual, and therefore varves, is established on organic evidence, first recognized by Heer(1865).
Counts of the layers indicate a record that is valid through at least the last 7,000 years B.
P.” A cursory look at the layers in the figure above shows that they are not the same thing.
The white is a limestone in which the river eroded its channel (dark). This was first suggested by Eddy and Boornazian in 1979.
Oil wells drilled outside of the channel find limestone at this level, but wells drilled into the channel fail to find any limestone here but instead find the sands and shales deposited by the river. (see E & B line) They analyzed a 100 years of data.
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John Woodmorappe (1979) went through the scientific literature looking for radioactive dates which are 20% too old or too young.
Below are the results of a study done by Alan Craig.
He counted 10,200 varves and then radioactively dated the organic material in the core. Comparison of carbon 14 dates with varve counts in Lake of the Clouds Minnesota Buried River Channel Three dimensional seismic data has been utilized in the past few years in the search for oil.
272) Obviously, Austin did not read the article carefully enough.
The above is a drawing of Figure 4 in Lambert and Hsu's article.
Woodmorappe says “An objective comparison between the number of fitting vs.