Other examples of non vertical superposition would be modifications to standing structures such as the creation of new doors and windows in a wall.
Superposition in archaeology requires a degree of interpretation to correctly identify chronological sequences and in this sense superposition in archaeology is more dynamic and multi-dimensional.
With the sinking of the land surface, sediments were deposited on the ocean floor.
These layers are presumed to be the result of annual fluctuations in climate, and using this method, uniformitarians purport to document ages of over 100,000 years.
Creationists, such as Michael Oard, contend that these laminations are from subannual events, including layering due to dust to be found in a post-flood ice age. Subannual formation is supported by observations that several such layers of snow and ice can result from the storms within a single winter season.
Between the years of 17, James Hutton and William Smith advanced the concept of relative dating.
Hutton, a Scottish geologist, first proposed formally the fundamental principle used to classify rocks according to their relative ages.
Superposition in archaeology and especially in stratification use during excavation is slightly different as the processes involved in laying down archaeological strata are somewhat different from geological processes.
Man made intrusions and activity in the archaeological record need not form chronologically from top to bottom or be deformed from the horizontal as natural strata are by equivalent processes.
Relative dating is a dating method that used to determine determine the relative ages of geologic strata, artifacts, historical events, etc.
This technique does not give specific ages to items.
After the uplift of the land, the forces of erosion attacked the highlands and the eroded rock debris was transported and redeposited in the lowlands.